What Types Of Technical Debt Exist And How Can We Manage Technical Debt In Software Development?

Just like financial debt, technical debt is not always bad. Sometimes, it can be good too. Every CRM development company can opt for a deliberate technical debt to scale up its business. There is no issue if you have a technical debt until and unless you can manage it wisely.

In this article, you will read about what is technical debt, its types, and aspects of how you can manage it.

What Is Technical Debt?

Technical debt refers to the times when you implement cruft for a project due to certain reasons. One of the main reasons is when you fall short of time. The cruft is a mediocre code which is poorly designed and executed. This may help you in the short-term by allowing rapid delivery but will not be of any value in the long term. If you provide CRM development services, you will not have to pay any financial interest to technical debt. However, the interest that you might have to pay can increase the difficulty of making changes in the code implemented. The difficulty will increase with time, and the code might become more complex. So, you must make the changes as soon as possible to overcome your technical debt.

The Technical Debt Balance

Even if you are facing the issue of technical debt in some projects, you must not let it affect the other areas. You will need to maintain a balance so that any harsh repercussions can be avoided. For instance, you will need to maintain a balance between a good enough code for a project and the development of a perfect application or software. If you are a SAAS development services provider, you must plan out the balancing strategies.

Reasons For Technical Debt

A CRM development company can face technical debt because of many reasons. These reasons can either be good or bad. Here’s a list of all the reasons:

1. The Good Reason

There can be a lot of good reasons, the major one being that you were trying to meet all the deadlines and were focusing on delivering the project on time. This may happen often as delivering a clear code that does not have any glitches or bugs even after testing takes up a lot of time. If you are delivering a mediocre code intending to meet the deadline and upgrade it later, it may be considered a good reason.

2. The Bad Reason

This may happen when your team is not having proper coordination and lacks communication, and everyone is focusing on different aspects.

Types Of Technical Debt

This section lists out the types of technical debt that CRM development services can face if they are not balancing and managing their work properly. Nevertheless, technical debts might also be planned by the core team due to several reasons as they might have discussed.

1. Deliberate Technical Debt

This may happen when an organization takes a quick and informed decision with complete awareness of the cost and consequences that may arise later. For example, if an organization has to conduct a launch when some testings of the project are still left, they can decide to do the testing later. This is important because if only the tests are pending, the cost is bearable. Also, the testing can be done soon after the launch. But if the launch is delayed or canceled, the organization might end up paying a lot.

2. Unintentional Technical Debt

SAAS development services may face this debt due to poor practices, inexperience with new coding techniques, or rollout issues. This can also happen because of poor coordination among the core team members and clashes in their opinions.

3. Unavoidable Technical Debt

This has become very common with the changing trends of technology as it is the main reason for avoidable technical debt. This may also happen if your customer asks for a lot of changes during the project when it is still in the developing stage.

How To Identify Technical Debt?

Technical debts can be uncertain or deliberate but there are several other ways by which you can identify whether you are going to face it or not. Here is a list of some of the ways by which you can get an idea if you will face a technical debt or not.

1. Quality Of The Code: While developing the code, you can easily judge whether the quality of your code is moderate or high. It will give you a fair idea of whether you are going to face technical debt or not.

2. Complexity: If you are dealing with very high complexity projects, there are chances that you will face technical debt.

3. Bugs: While testing, ensure that there are no bugs because if there are any, much time will be consumed to resolve them and can lead you into technical debt.

How To Avoid Too Much Technical Debt?

There are numerous ways to manage technical debt as well as to remove cruft. Some of the ways are stated as follows:

● Inventory cruft

● Categorize cruft

● Make changes in the cruft as soon as possible

● Always keep some room for changes.

How To Manage Technical Debt?

Even if you are facing some technical debt, the key thing that determines your excellence is how well can you manage it. Read below to find out how you can manage your technical debt wisely.

1. Communicate about the debt with your customers as well as your core team. This will help you to overcome it as soon as possible. Make sure that there are no communication gaps because it can lead to an increase in the interest rate of your technical debt.

2. Try to overcome your technical debt when you are in the process of identifying it. Cover all the aspects as much as you can. This will help you to overcome the debt even before you think it will happen. This is the best way to manage and overcome technical debts because as they say ‘precaution is always better than the cure.’

3. Even if you were not able to avoid the technical debt, try to pay it off as soon as possible. The more you wait, the more the chances of any complexities arising will increase.

The Conclusion

It is not always about delivering bug-free projects. Yes, it is important but not always necessary. It is not a bad idea at all to have technical debt. But the consequences can be worse if you don’t know how to manage it effectively. It will all depend on the way you shall handle your debt and how fast you can overcome it because if you will wait to pay it off, the difficulties to improve the code will only increase.



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Amit Agrawal

Amit Agrawal


Amit Agrawal Founder and COO at Cyber Infrastructure Inc which is an custom software development company.